viii. Complementizer

viii.1. Negation in imperative clauses: ez zaitezela joan (v ez zaitez joan)
Short description

Generalized pattern. Imperative clauses consisting of analytical verbs may appear along with negation.

(1) Ez zaitez joan
no 2ABS.edin.IMP go
‘Don't go.’

Variational pattern. Some varieties need to add the complementizer -(e)la to the auxiliaries in negative contexts.

(2) Ez zaitezela joan
no 2ABS.edin.ELA go
‘Don't go.’

 

Keywords: complementizer, imperative, negation, subjunctive, verb

References:

Lafitte, Pierre. 1944. Grammaire Basque (Navarro-Labourdin Littèraire). Baiona: Librairie Le Livre. [Reprinted in 1979. Donostia: Elkar]

Oyharçabal, Bernard. 2000. «Note à propos des formes jussives préfixées en b- du basque». Lapurdum, 5: 225-235.

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
viii.2. Partitive in appositive relative phrases with undetermined antecedent: -ik (v -a)
Short description

Generalized pattern. Appositive relative phrases are headed by the complementizer ‑(e)n and the determiner a.

(1) Bazen neskatxa txiki bat ona zena
BA.was lady little one good.ART was.EN.ART
‘There was a good lady’

Variational pattern. In some varieties the complementizer -en can be headed by the partitive, instead of by the determiner.

(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BA.was lady little one good.ART was.EN.PRTV
‘There was a good lady’

 

Keywords: appositive relatives, complementizer, embedding, imperative, negation, partitive, relatives, relativizer, subjunctive, verb

References:

de Rijk, Rudolf P.G. 1972. «Partitive assignment in Basque». International Journal of Basque Philology (ASJU), VI: 130-73.

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
viii.3. Non-factive complements: -(r)ik (v -(e)la)
Short description

Generalized pattern. Non-factive complement clauses are headed by the complementizer -(e)la.

(1) Uste duzue dirua nik ostu dudala?
uste (3ABS).have.2PL.ERG dirua ni.ERG ostu (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG.ELA
‘Do you think that I stole the money?’

Variational pattern. Some varieties have the complementizer ­-(e)n plus the partitive marker instead.

(2) Uste al dezute dirua nik ostu dedanik?
uste al (3ABS).have.2PL.ERG dirua ni.ERG ostu (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG.EN.PRTV
‘Do you think that I stole the money?’

 

Keywords: appositive relatives, complementizer, embedding, imperative, negation, non-factive complements, partitive, relatives, relativizer, subjunctive, verb

References:

de Rijk, Rudolf P.G. 1972. «Partitive assignment in Basque». International Journal of Basque Philology (ASJU), VI: 130-73.

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste duzue dirua nik ostu dudanik?
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueYesUrtzi Etxeberria
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
viii.4. Non-factive sentential complements: -(e)n  (v -(e)la)
Short description

Generalized pattern. Sentential non-factives complements are headed by the complementizer -(e)la.

(1) Uste dut zurea dela
think (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG yours is.ELA
‘I think it is yours.’

Variational pattern. In some varieties, sentential non-factive complements are headed by -(e)n instead of -(e)la.

(2) Uste dut zurea den
think (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG yours is.EN
‘I think it is yours.’

 

Keywords: appositive relatives, complementizer, embedding, imperative, negation, non-factive complements, non-factive sentential complements, partitive, relatives, relativizer, subjunctive, verb

References:

Artiagoitia, Xabier. 2003. «Complementation (noun clauses)». In José Ignacio Hualde and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), A grammar of Basque. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 634-711.

Euskaltzaindia. 1999. Euskal gramatika. Lehen urratsak - V. Mendeko perpausak 1. Bilbo: Euskaltzaindia. [Reprinted in Euskaltzaindia. 1991]

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste duzue dirua nik ostu dudanik?
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueYesUrtzi Etxeberria
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste dut zurea den
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueYesImotz
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
viii.5. Factive sentential complements: -(e)na (v -(e)la) 
Short description

Generalized pattern. Sentential factives complements are headed by the complementizer -(e)la.

(1) Badakit euskalduna zarela
I know Basque are.ELA
‘I know that you are Basque.’

Variational pattern. In some varieties, sentential factive complements are headed by -(e)na instead of -(e)la.

(2) Badakit euskalduna zarena
I know Basque are.ENA
‘I know that you are Basque.’

Reported in: western Basque (Zuazo 2004: 76, 2013:52); Aramaio (Ormaetxea 2002: 123).

 

Keywords: appositive relatives, complementizer, embedding, factive sentential complements, imperative, negation, non-factive complements, non-factive sentential complements, partitive, relatives, relativizer, subjunctive, verb

References:

Artiagoitia, Xabier. 2003. «Complementation (noun clauses)». In José Ignacio Hualde and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), A grammar of Basque. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 634-711.

Euskaltzaindia. 1999. Euskal gramatika. Lehen urratsak - V. Mendeko perpausak 1. Bilbo: Euskaltzaindia. [Reprinted in Euskaltzaindia. 1991]

Ormaetxea, Txipi. 2002. Aramaioko euskara. Aramaio: Aramaioko Udala.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2004. Euskalkiak, herriaren lekukoak. Donostia: Elkar.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2013. The dialects of Basque. Reno: University of Nevada.

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste duzue dirua nik ostu dudanik?
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueYesUrtzi Etxeberria
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste dut zurea den
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueYesImotz
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Badakit euskalduna zarena
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueYesTxipi Ormaetxea
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueYesPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueYesLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueYesAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueYesAne Odria
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueYesAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueYesXabier Bilbao
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueYesArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueYesOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueYesKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueYesMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueYesXabier Burgete
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueNoCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
viii.6. Bait- in sentential complements: bait-  (v -(e)la)  
Short description

Generalized pattern. Sentential factives complements are headed by the complementizer -(e)la.

(1) Hau da haren abantailik handiena, ez duela asko gastatzen
This is her/his advantage.PRTV biggest not (3ABS).have.3ERG.ELA much spend.IPFV
‘That’s the main advantage, that (s)he doesn`t spent much.’

Variational pattern. Bait- is also attested in complement clauses. In general, this sentential complement is presented by a demostrative in the main sentence (Lafitte 1979 [1944]: 405).

(2) Hau da haren abantailik handiena, ez baitu ainitz xahutzen
This is her/his advantage.PRTV biggest not BAIT.(3ABS).have.3ERG much spend.IPFV
‘That’s the main advantage, that (s)he doesn`t spent much.’

Reported in: eastern varieties (Lafitte 1979 [1944]:  405), Artiagoitia (2003: 648)

 

Keywords: appositive relatives, complementizer, embedding, factive sentential complements, imperative, negation, non-factive complements, non-factive sentential complements, partitive, relatives, relativizer, sentential complements, subjunctive, verb

References:

Artiagoitia, Xabier. 2003. «Complementation (noun clauses)». In José Ignacio Hualde and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), A grammar of Basque. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 634-711.

Lafitte, Pierre. 1944. Grammaire Basque (Navarro-Labourdin Littèraire). Baiona: Librairie Le Livre. [Reprinted in 1979. Donostia: Elkar]

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste duzue dirua nik ostu dudanik?
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueYesUrtzi Etxeberria
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste dut zurea den
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueYesImotz
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Badakit euskalduna zarena
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueYesTxipi Ormaetxea
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueYesPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueYesLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueYesAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueYesAne Odria
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueYesAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueYesXabier Bilbao
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueYesArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueYesOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueYesKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueYesMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueYesXabier Burgete
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueNoCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Hau da haren abantailik handiena, ez baitu ainitz xahutzen
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
viii.7. Appositive relatives with pronouns: zein...bait- (v -(e)n)
Short description

Generalized pattern. Appositive relative clauses can be formed by a pronoun of the zein ‘which’-type and a complementizer -(e)n following the finite verb.

(1) Obaba, zein(a) Atxagak idatzi duen, ederra da
Obaba.ABS which.ABS Atxaga.ERG write (3ABS).have.3ERG.EN great is
‘Obaba, which has been written  by Atxaga, is great.’

Variational pattern 1. Alterntively, it can be formed in the same fashion combining the pronoun with the complementizer bait- preceding the finite verb.

(2) Obaba, zein(a) Atxagak idatzi baitu, ederra da
Obaba.ABS which Atxaga.ERG write BAIT.(3ABS).have.3ERG great is
‘Obaba, which has been written  by Atxaga, is great.’

Variational pattern 2. Some appositive relatives, the so-called bait-relatives, are formed with no pronoun and with the complementizer bait-.

(3) Landibarren badira lau kartier, horiek baitira Behaune, Dona Martine, Donostia eta Azkonbegi (Oihartzabal 2003: 816)
Landibar.INE are four neighborhood those BAIT.are Behaune, Dona Martine, Donostia and Azkonbegi
‘There are four neighbourhoods in Landibar, which are Behaune, Dona Martine, Donostia and Azkonbegi’                  

Reported in: eastern varieties Oihartzabal (2003)

 

Keywords: bait-relatives, appositive relatives, complementizer, embedding, factive sentential complements, imperative, negation, non-factive complements, non-factive sentential complements, partitive, relatives, relativizer, sentential complements, subjunctive, verb

Notes:

«(...)modern eastern dialects developed another kind of relative (which also exists in earlier texts, however), which we refer to as as ‘bait-relative’. Contrary to relatives with relative pronouns, bait-relatives are very common in present day spoken Basque in eastern dialects. Bait-relatives are appositive or extraposed relatives, in which no relative pronoun is used, but where resumptive pronoun can be employed. The only complementizer which can be used in these relatives is bait- (-(e)n is excluded).» (Oihartzabal 2003:816).

References:

Artiagoitia, Xabier. 2003. «Complementation (noun clauses)». In José Ignacio Hualde and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), A grammar of Basque. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 634-711.

Lafitte, Pierre. 1944. Grammaire Basque (Navarro-Labourdin Littèraire). Baiona: Librairie Le Livre. [Reprinted in 1979. Donostia: Elkar]

Oyharçabal, Beñat. 2003. «Relatives». In José Ignacio Hualde and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), A grammar of Basque. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 762-823.

Answers
(2) Ez zaitezela joan
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueYesJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
(2) Bazen neskatxa ttipi bat ona zenik
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste duzue dirua nik ostu dudanik?
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueYesJuan Jose Zubiri
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueYesUrtzi Etxeberria
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Uste dut zurea den
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueYesImotz
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Badakit euskalduna zarena
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueYesTxipi Ormaetxea
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueYesPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueYesLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueYesAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueYesAne Odria
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueYesAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueYesXabier Bilbao
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueYesArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueYesOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueYesKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueYesMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueYesXabier Burgete
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueNoCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(2) Hau da haren abantailik handiena, ez baitu ainitz xahutzen
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
(2) Obaba, zein(a) Atxagak idatzi baitu, ederra da
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque NoPello Salaburu
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueNoCéline Mounole
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueNoOrreaga Ibarra
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque NoIñaki Camino
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueNoMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque NoMaitena Duhalde
(3) Landibarren badira lau kartier, horiek baitira Behaune, Dona Martine, Donostia eta Azkonbegi
BiV code Town Dialect Value Contributor
N-ariArizkun (Baztan)Navarrese Basque YesPello Salaburu
L-larLarresoroNavarrese-Lapurdian BasqueYesCéline Mounole
N-mezMezkiritz (Erroibar)Navarrese BasqueYesOrreaga Ibarra
NB-oraOragarreNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesItxaro Borda
N-orbOrbaizetaNavarrese Basque YesIñaki Camino
Z-urdUrdiñarbeZuberoan BasqueYesMaider Bedaxagar
L-zibZiburuNavarrese-Lapurdian Basque YesMaitena Duhalde
A-araAramaioWestern BasqueNoTxipi Ormaetxea
N-arbArbizuNavarrese BasqueNoJuanjo Olasagarre
B-artArteaWestern BasqueNoIgor Estankona
G-azpAzpeitiaCentral BasqueNoPatxi Goenaga
G-beiBeizamaCentral BasqueNoLourdes Otaegi
G-berBergaraWestern BasqueNoAlexander Artzelus
G-elgElgoibarWestern BasqueNoAne Odria
G-ertErrenteriaCentral BasqueNoAritz Irurtzun
N-elkEtxaleku (Imotz)Central BasqueNoImotz
B-gerGernikaWestern BasqueNoAlaine Barruetabeña
B-getGetxoWestern BasqueNoXabier Bilbao
N-goiGoizuetaNavarrese BasqueNoJuan Jose Zubiri
G-herHernaniCentral BasqueNoEñaut Agirre
G-iruIrunCentral BasqueNoRicardo Etxepare
G-itsItsasondoCentral BasqueNoUrtzi Etxeberria
B-lekLekeitioWestern BasqueNoArantzazu Elordieta
B-loiLoiuWestern BasqueNoOihana Astobieta
B-mabMallabiaWestern BasqueNoKoldo Zuazo
B-munMungiaWestern BasqueNoMiren Ibarluzea
B-otxOtxandioWestern BasqueNoXabier Burgete
N-urdUrdiainNavarrese Basque NoIñigo Urrestarazu