Features

38. Aspect marking doubling: izandu da, egondu da, itzundu da (v izan da, egon da, itzun da)
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2) Ez dut arazorik izandu

Haddican, Bill and George Tsoulas. 2012. «A continuum of deficiency for Basque infinitives». In Urtzi Etxeberria, Ricardo Etxepare and Myriam Uribe-Etxebarria (eds.), Noun phrases and nominalizations in Basque. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 437-460.

iii. Aspect

Generalized pattern. In order to form the participial form of the verbs, the suffixes -n, -tu, -i or -ø are used (iza-n 'been', ego-n 'been (stage level)', itzu-n (etza-n) 'lain' and bete-ø 'full'.

(1) Ez dut arazorik izan
no (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG problem.PRTV be.PTCP
‘I had no problem.’

Variational pattern. In certain varieties, in order to form the participle, -tu is attached to the already participial form and, as a result, the aspectual marking is apparently doubled:  -n + -tu > -ndu (izanduegonduetzandu); -ø + -tu  (betetu/betatu), etc.

(2) Ez dut arazorik izandu
no (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG problem.PRTV be.PTCP
‘I had no problem.’                    (adapted from Haddican and Tsoulas 2012)

Reported in: certain central varieties (e.g. Irun, Oiartzun)

Chapter: Aspect

Keywords: aspect, doubling, nominalization, participle

References:

Haddican and Tsoulas (2012)

Haddican, Bill and George Tsoulas. 2012. «A continuum of deficiency for Basque infinitives». In Urtzi Etxeberria, Ricardo Etxepare and Myriam Uribe-Etxebarria (eds.), Noun phrases and nominalizations in Basque. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 437-460.

save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juanjo Olasagarre
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Etxaleku (Imotz)
Central Basque
Yes
Imotz
Gernika
Western Basque
Yes
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
Yes
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
Yes
Eñaut Agirre
Irun
Central Basque
Yes
Ricardo Etxepare
Loiu
Western Basque
Yes
Oihana Astobieta
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Orreaga Ibarra
Mungia
Western Basque
Yes
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Iñaki Camino
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Maitena Duhalde
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Azpeitia
Central Basque
No
Patxi Goenaga
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Itsasondo
Central Basque
No
Urtzi Etxeberria
Larresoro
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Céline Mounole
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Mallabia
Western Basque
No
Koldo Zuazo
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñigo Urrestarazu
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar

ABL: ablative

ABS: absolutive

ABSERG: absolutive in Ergative Displacement context

ALL: allative

ALLO: allocutive

APPL: applicative

BN: bounded

CAUS: causative

COMP: complementizer

DAT: dative

DD: dative displacement

DEST: destinative

ED: Ergative Displacement

ERG: ergative

FAM: familiar

F: feminine

GEN: genitive

IPFV: imperfective

INE: inessive

INS: instrumental

M: masculine

MOD: mood

NMLZ: nominalizer

NONFAM: non-familiar (2nd person)

NP: noun phrase

PTCP: participle

PST: past

PL: plural

POST: postposition

PROG: progressive

PROS: prospective

PRTV: partitive

REL: relational postposition

RES: resultative

SG: singular

SOC: sociative

TERM: terminative

UNBN : unbounded

The abbreviations in this database follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules.