Features

40. Perfective participial suffix in non-indicative mood with derived verbs: aberetu dadin (v abere dadin)
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2) Ez nuke nahi Mikel aberetu dadin

Berro, Ane. 2015. Breaking verbs. From event structure to syntactic categories in Basque. Ph.D. Diss., UPV/EHU and Université Bordeaux Montaigne (UBM).

Euskaltzaindia. 2000. Hiztegi Batua. Bilbo: Euskaltzaindia.

iii. Aspect

Generalized pattern. The contrast found in the use of the verb stem and the verb’s -tu form (see property #39) is somehow blurred in the context of derived predicates like lehortu ‘to dry’ from lehor ‘dry’ and aberetu ‘to become brutish’ from abere ‘domestic animal’. The generalized pattern would be not to use the perfective participial suffix in those cases.

(1) Ez nuke nahi Mikel abere dadin
no 1SG.have.MOD want Mikel.ABS become.brutish (3ABS).EDIN.COMP
‘I wouldn’t like Mikel to become brutish.’

Variational pattern. In the varieties where -tu does not generally occur in the subjunctive, imperative and potential, it needs to occur in the case of derived predicates (-tu is glossed as PTCP).

(2) Ez nuke nahi Mikel aberetu dadin
no 1sg.have.MOD want Mikel.ABS become.brutish.PTCP (3ABS).EDIN.COMP
‘I wouldn’t like Mikel to become brutish.’

Chapter: Aspect

Keywords: aspect, derived verbs, imperative, participle, potential, subjunctive, verb

References:

Berro (2015), Euskaltzaindia (2000)

Berro, Ane. 2015. Breaking verbs. From event structure to syntactic categories in Basque. Ph.D. Diss., UPV/EHU and Université Bordeaux Montaigne (UBM).

Euskaltzaindia. 2000. Hiztegi Batua. Bilbo: Euskaltzaindia.

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BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Aramaio
Western Basque
Yes
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
Yes
Igor Estankona
Azpeitia
Central Basque
Yes
Patxi Goenaga
Beizama
Central Basque
Yes
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
Yes
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
Yes
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Etxaleku (Imotz)
Central Basque
Yes
Imotz
Gernika
Western Basque
Yes
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
Yes
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
Yes
Eñaut Agirre
Irun
Central Basque
Yes
Ricardo Etxepare
Itsasondo
Central Basque
Yes
Urtzi Etxeberria
Lekeitio
Western Basque
Yes
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
Yes
Oihana Astobieta
Mallabia
Western Basque
Yes
Koldo Zuazo
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Orreaga Ibarra
Mungia
Western Basque
Yes
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Iñaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
Yes
Xabier Burgete
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Maitena Duhalde
Larresoro
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Céline Mounole
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar

ABL: ablative

ABS: absolutive

ABSERG: absolutive in Ergative Displacement context

ALL: allative

ALLO: allocutive

APPL: applicative

BN: bounded

CAUS: causative

COMP: complementizer

DAT: dative

DD: dative displacement

DEST: destinative

ED: Ergative Displacement

ERG: ergative

FAM: familiar

F: feminine

GEN: genitive

IPFV: imperfective

INE: inessive

INS: instrumental

M: masculine

MOD: mood

NMLZ: nominalizer

NONFAM: non-familiar (2nd person)

NP: noun phrase

PTCP: participle

PST: past

PL: plural

POST: postposition

PROG: progressive

PROS: prospective

PRTV: partitive

REL: relational postposition

RES: resultative

SG: singular

SOC: sociative

TERM: terminative

UNBN : unbounded

The abbreviations in this database follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules.