Features

56. Ukan ‘have’ instead of izan ‘be’ in resultative participial contexts
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2) Lehen ere Baionan ukhana niz

Mitxelena, Koldo and Ibon Sarasola. 1989-2005. Diccionario General Vasco / Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia. Bilbo: Euskaltzaindia.

Generalized pattern. The verb izan 'be' has the resultative participial form izana.

(1) Lehen ere Baionan izana naiz
before also Baiona.INE be.PTCP.RES 1SG.ABS.be
‘I have been in Baiona before.’

Variational pattern. In some varieties, the resultative participle ukan(a) is attested instead.

(2) Lehen ere Baionan ukhana niz
before also Baiona.INE have.PTCP.RES 1SG.ABS.be
‘I have been in Baiona before.’

Reported in: Oriental varieties of Navarresse-Lapurdian, as in Luzaide Basque (Iñaki Camino, p.c.). Absent at least in occidental and central varieties of Navarresse-Lapurdian (Beñat Oihartzabal, Piarres Xarriton, Maia Duguine and Céline Mounole (p.c.).

Chapter: (In)Transitivity

Keywords: (in)transitivity, auxiliary alternation, participial structures

Notes:

Historical evidence: An alternation also attested when izan 'be' is the copula (in its participial form) of resultative participial predication: ukandubaysen conceviturik '(s)he was conceived' (a prayer written in High Navarresse, 1614) (Céline Mounole, p.c.).

References:

OEH (XV: 672-4)

Mitxelena, Koldo and Ibon Sarasola. 1989-2005. Diccionario General Vasco / Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia. Bilbo: Euskaltzaindia.

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BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Azpeitia
Central Basque
No
Patxi Goenaga
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
No
Aritz Irurtzun
Etxaleku (Imotz)
Central Basque
No
Imotz
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
No
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eñaut Agirre
Irun
Central Basque
No
Ricardo Etxepare
Itsasondo
Central Basque
No
Urtzi Etxeberria
Larresoro
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Céline Mounole
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
No
Oihana Astobieta
Mallabia
Western Basque
No
Koldo Zuazo
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
No
Orreaga Ibarra
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñigo Urrestarazu
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde

ABL: ablative

ABS: absolutive

ABSERG: absolutive in Ergative Displacement context

ALL: allative

ALLO: allocutive

APPL: applicative

BN: bounded

CAUS: causative

COMP: complementizer

DAT: dative

DD: dative displacement

DEST: destinative

ED: Ergative Displacement

ERG: ergative

FAM: familiar

F: feminine

GEN: genitive

IPFV: imperfective

INE: inessive

INS: instrumental

M: masculine

MOD: mood

NMLZ: nominalizer

NONFAM: non-familiar (2nd person)

NP: noun phrase

PTCP: participle

PST: past

PL: plural

POST: postposition

PROG: progressive

PROS: prospective

PRTV: partitive

REL: relational postposition

RES: resultative

SG: singular

SOC: sociative

TERM: terminative

UNBN : unbounded

The abbreviations in this database follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules.