Features

57. Progressive ari, along with ergative subject and transitive auxiliary *edun ‘have’: ari dut  (v ari naiz)
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2) (Nik) ogia jaten ari dut

Demirdache, Hamida and Myriam Uribe-Etxebarria. 2000. «The Primitives of Temporal Relations». In R. Martin, D. Michaels and J.Uriagereka (eds.), Step by step. Essays on Minimalist syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik. Cambridge, MA: the MIT Press. 157-186.

Holmer, Anders. 1999. «An active analysis of Basque ergativity». Fontes Linguae Vasconum 31: 189-225.

Hualde, José Ignacio and Jon Ortiz de Urbina. 1987. «Restructuring with ARI». ASJU International Journal of Basque Philology, XXI-2, 425-452.

Laka, Itziar. 2004. «Ari progresiboaz: euskararen kasu markak». In Pablo Albizu and Beatriz Fernández (eds.), Euskal Gramatika XXI. mendearen atarian: arazo zaharrak, azterbide berriak. Bilbao: UPV/EHU. 113-132.

Laka, Itziar. 2006. «Deriving Split Ergativity in the Progressive: the Case of Basque». In Alana Johns, Diane Massam and Juvénal Ndayiragije (eds.), Ergativity: Emerging Issues. Dordrecht/Berlin: Springer. 173-195.

Generalized pattern. The progressive ari izan occurs with an absolutive subject and izan ‘be’ auxiliary, even if the complement predicate is (di)transitive.

(1) (Ni) ogia jaten ari naiz
I.ABS bread.ABS eat.IPFV PROG 1SG.ABS.be
‘I am eating bread.’

Variational pattern. In some varieties, ari izan can appear with an ergative subject and *edun ‘have’ auxiliary when the complement predicate is transitive.

(2) (Nik) ogia jaten ari dut
I.ERG bread.ABS eat.IPFV PROG (3ABS).have.1SG.ERG
‘I am eating bread.’

Reported in: north-eastern varieties.

Chapter: (In)Transitivity

Keywords: (in)transitivity, auxiliary alternation, ergativity, progressive aspect, root alternation

References:

Demirdache and Uribe-Etxebarria (2000), Holmer (1999), Hualde and Ortiz de Urbina (1987), Laka (2004, 2006)

Demirdache, Hamida and Myriam Uribe-Etxebarria. 2000. «The Primitives of Temporal Relations». In R. Martin, D. Michaels and J.Uriagereka (eds.), Step by step. Essays on Minimalist syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik. Cambridge, MA: the MIT Press. 157-186.

Holmer, Anders. 1999. «An active analysis of Basque ergativity». Fontes Linguae Vasconum 31: 189-225.

Hualde, José Ignacio and Jon Ortiz de Urbina. 1987. «Restructuring with ARI». ASJU International Journal of Basque Philology, XXI-2, 425-452.

Laka, Itziar. 2004. «Ari progresiboaz: euskararen kasu markak». In Pablo Albizu and Beatriz Fernández (eds.), Euskal Gramatika XXI. mendearen atarian: arazo zaharrak, azterbide berriak. Bilbao: UPV/EHU. 113-132.

Laka, Itziar. 2006. «Deriving Split Ergativity in the Progressive: the Case of Basque». In Alana Johns, Diane Massam and Juvénal Ndayiragije (eds.), Ergativity: Emerging Issues. Dordrecht/Berlin: Springer. 173-195.

save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Pello Salaburu
Larresoro
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Céline Mounole
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
Yes
Maider Bedaxagar
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Azpeitia
Central Basque
No
Patxi Goenaga
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
No
Aritz Irurtzun
Etxaleku (Imotz)
Central Basque
No
Imotz
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
No
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eñaut Agirre
Irun
Central Basque
No
Ricardo Etxepare
Itsasondo
Central Basque
No
Urtzi Etxeberria
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
No
Oihana Astobieta
Mallabia
Western Basque
No
Koldo Zuazo
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñigo Urrestarazu
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde

ABL: ablative

ABS: absolutive

ABSERG: absolutive in Ergative Displacement context

ALL: allative

ALLO: allocutive

APPL: applicative

BN: bounded

CAUS: causative

COMP: complementizer

DAT: dative

DD: dative displacement

DEST: destinative

ED: Ergative Displacement

ERG: ergative

FAM: familiar

F: feminine

GEN: genitive

IPFV: imperfective

INE: inessive

INS: instrumental

M: masculine

MOD: mood

NMLZ: nominalizer

NONFAM: non-familiar (2nd person)

NP: noun phrase

PTCP: participle

PST: past

PL: plural

POST: postposition

PROG: progressive

PROS: prospective

PRTV: partitive

REL: relational postposition

RES: resultative

SG: singular

SOC: sociative

TERM: terminative

UNBN : unbounded

The abbreviations in this database follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules.