Features

47. Approximation allative: -ra aldera, -raka (v -rantz)
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2a) Etxe aldera noa
(2b) Etxeraka noa
(2c) Bilboraka noa
(2d) Etxera buruz noa

Berro, Ane. 2017. «Pluractionality and more. The lexical plural KA in Basque». Ms., Deustuko Unibertsitatea.

Montoya, Estibaliz. 1988. Objektu bikoitzeko egiturak euskaraz. Eskuizkribua, UPV/EHU.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2008. Euskalkiak, euskararen dialektoak. Donostia: Elkar.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2014. Euskalkiak. Donostia: Elkar.

Generalized pattern. The approximative postposition is -rantz. This postposition is formed by the simple allative -ra and the element *ontz (Gómez 2005: 3).

(1) Etxerantz noa
house.SG.ALL.APR 1SG.ABS.go
‘I go towards home.’

Variational pattern 1. Some varieties use the complex postposition aldera (alde ‘side’ + the allative postposition -ra).

(2) Etxe aldera noa
house side.SG.ALL 1SG.ABS.go
‘I go towards home.’

Variational pattern 2. In some varieties the complex form -raka is used, which involves the allative along with morpheme -ka.

(3) Etxeraka noa
house.SG.ALL.ka 1SG.ABS.go
‘I go towards home.’

Subvariational pattern
. In some varieties, the complex form-raka can be used with place nouns too.

(4) Bilboraka joan da.
Bilbo.ALL.ka go.PTCP (3ABS).be
  ‘I go towards Bilbo city.’

Chapter: Postpositions (Locatives)

Keywords: allative, approximation allative, locatives, postpositions

References:

Zuazo (2014: 170), Montoya (1988), Zuazo (2008: 146), Berro (2017)

Berro, Ane. 2017. «Pluractionality and more. The lexical plural KA in Basque». Ms., Deustuko Unibertsitatea.

Montoya, Estibaliz. 1988. Objektu bikoitzeko egiturak euskaraz. Eskuizkribua, UPV/EHU.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2008. Euskalkiak, euskararen dialektoak. Donostia: Elkar.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2014. Euskalkiak. Donostia: Elkar.

save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Aramaio
Western Basque
Yes
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Pello Salaburu
Beizama
Central Basque
Yes
Lourdes Otaegi
Elgoibar
Western Basque
Yes
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
Yes
Eņaut Agirre
Itsasondo
Central Basque
Yes
Urtzi Etxeberria
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Orreaga Ibarra
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Iņigo Urrestarazu
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Maitena Duhalde
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeņa
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iņaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiņarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar
save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Itsasondo
Central Basque
Yes
Urtzi Etxeberria
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeņa
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
No
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eņaut Agirre
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
No
Oihana Astobieta
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
No
Orreaga Ibarra
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iņaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
No
Iņigo Urrestarazu
Urdiņarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde
save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Gernika
Western Basque
No