Features

33. Participial predicates: -(r)ik, -ta (v -a)
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2) Mahaia apurturik da / dago
(3) Mahaia apurtuta dago

Berro, Ane. (submitted). «Non-verbal participles in Basque and Spanish». In Berro, Ane, Beatriz Fernández and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), Aligning grammars: Basque and Romance. Deustuko Unibertsitatea & UPV/EHU.

Berro, Ane. 2018b. «Basque adjectival participles: stative, resultative or experiential». Ms., Deustuko Unibertsitatea.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2014. Euskalkiak. Donostia: Elkar.

de Rijk, Rudolf P.G.. 2008. Standard Basque: A progressive grammar. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.

iii. Aspect

Generalized pattern. In predicative contexts, the participle is headed by the morpheme -a, homophonous with the singular determiner.

(1) Mahaia apurtua da/dago
table.SG.ABS break.PTCP.a (3ABS).be
‘The table is broken.’

Variational pattern 1. Some varieties show -rik instead, homophonous with the ablative postposition.

(2) Mahaia apurturik da/dago
table.SG.ABS break.PTCP.rik (3ABS).be
‘The table is broken.’

Variational pattern 2. Some varieties show -ta in that context.

(3) Mahaia apurtuta dago
table.SG.ABS break.PTCP.ta (3ABS).be
‘The table is broken.’

Chapter: Aspect

Keywords: aspect, participial structures, partitive, postpositions, verb

References:

Zuazo (2014: 156), de Rijk (2008: 671), Berro (submitted, 2018)

Berro, Ane. (submitted). «Non-verbal participles in Basque and Spanish». In Berro, Ane, Beatriz Fernández and Jon Ortiz de Urbina (eds.), Aligning grammars: Basque and Romance. Deustuko Unibertsitatea & UPV/EHU.

Berro, Ane. 2018b. «Basque adjectival participles: stative, resultative or experiential». Ms., Deustuko Unibertsitatea.

Zuazo, Koldo. 2014. Euskalkiak. Donostia: Elkar.

de Rijk, Rudolf P.G.. 2008. Standard Basque: A progressive grammar. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press.

save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Pello Salaburu
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juan Jose Zubiri
Loiu
Western Basque
Yes
Oihana Astobieta
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Orreaga Ibarra
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
Yes
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Iñaki Camino
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Iñigo Urrestarazu
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
Yes
Maider Bedaxagar
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eñaut Agirre
Itsasondo
Central Basque
No
Urtzi Etxeberria
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde
save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Aramaio
Western Basque
Yes
Txipi Ormaetxea
Artea
Western Basque
Yes
Igor Estankona
Beizama
Central Basque
Yes
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
Yes
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
Yes
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
Yes
Aritz Irurtzun
Gernika
Western Basque
Yes
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
Yes
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Juan Jose Zubiri
Itsasondo
Central Basque
Yes
Urtzi Etxeberria
Lekeitio
Western Basque
Yes
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
Yes
Oihana Astobieta
Mungia
Western Basque
Yes
Miren Ibarluzea
Otxandio
Western Basque
Yes
Xabier Burgete
Urdiain
Navarrese Basque
Yes
Iñigo Urrestarazu
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eñaut Agirre
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
No
Orreaga Ibarra
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñaki Camino
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde

ABL: ablative

ABS: absolutive

ABSERG: absolutive in Ergative Displacement context

ALL: allative

ALLO: allocutive

APPL: applicative

BN: bounded

CAUS: causative

COMP: complementizer

DAT: dative

DD: dative displacement

DEST: destinative

ED: Ergative Displacement

ERG: ergative

FAM: familiar

F: feminine

GEN: genitive

IPFV: imperfective

INE: inessive

INS: instrumental

M: masculine

MOD: mood

NMLZ: nominalizer

NONFAM: non-familiar (2nd person)

NP: noun phrase

PTCP: participle

PST: past

PL: plural

POST: postposition

PROG: progressive

PROS: prospective

PRTV: partitive

REL: relational postposition

RES: resultative

SG: singular

SOC: sociative

TERM: terminative

UNBN : unbounded

The abbreviations in this database follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules.