Features

7. Number agreement drop: sagarrak jan du (v ditu)
Yellow: variational pattern attested
Blue: variational pattern non-attested
(2) (H)arek porruak gordiñik jate(n) seben
(3) Zuk gu asko maite gaizu

Elexpuru, Juan Martin. 2005. Bergara aldeko hiztegia. Leintz-Aramaio, Oñati eta Eibar inguruko berbekin osotuta. Bergarako Udala.

Arregi, Karlos. 2001. «Person and number inflection». In Beatriz Fernández and Pablo Albizu (eds.), On Case and Agreement. Kasu eta komunztaduraren gainean. Bilbo: UPV/EHU. 71-111.

Arriortua, Alazne. 2016. «Euskal inflexioaren pluralgileen analisi baterantz». handout, Euskal Dialektologia Mintegia, UPV/EHU.

Artzelus, Alexander. 2016. «Plural komunztadura falta Debagoieneko hizkeretan». handout, Euskal Dialektologia Mintegia, UPV/EHU.

Etxabe, Karmele and Larraitz Garmendia. 2003. Zaldibiako euskara. Zaldibia: Zaldibiako Udala.

Generalized pattern. Basque arguments trigger number agreement.

(1a) Jonek sagarra jan du
Jon.ERG apple.ABS eat.PTCP (3ABS).have.3ERG
‘You have eaten the/an apple love us.’
(1b) Jonek sagarrak jan ditu
Jon.ERG apple.PL.ABS eat.PTCP (3ABS).PL.have.3ERG
‘Jon has eaten apples.’

Variational pattern. Some varieties drop number agreement with 3rd person absolutives.

(2) (H)arek porruak gordiñik jate(n) seben
they.ERG leek.PL.ABS raw eat.IPFV (3ABS).have.3ERG.PL
‘They ate the leeks raw.’                    (Larrañaga, 1998:101)

Subvariational pattern
. Some varieties drop number agreement even with 1st and 2nd person absolutives (Artzelus 2016) (a v b).

(3) Zuk gu asko maite gaizu
you.ERG us.ABS a lot love.PTCP 1ABS.have.1SG.ERG
‘You love us.’    (Oñati and Arrasate, Artzelus 2016)
(4) Zuk gu asko maite gaituzu
you.ERG us.ABS a lot love.PTCP 1ABS.PL.have.1SG.ERG
‘You love us.’

Reported in: Oñati, Bergara, Elexpuru (2006), Antzuola (Artzelus 2016).

Chapter: Case and Agreement

Keywords: number agreement, plural agreement drop, pluralizers

References:

Arregi (2001), Arriortua (2016), Artzelus (2016), Elexpuru (2005), Etxabe and Garmendia (2003)

Elexpuru, Juan Martin. 2005. Bergara aldeko hiztegia. Leintz-Aramaio, Oñati eta Eibar inguruko berbekin osotuta. Bergarako Udala.

Arregi, Karlos. 2001. «Person and number inflection». In Beatriz Fernández and Pablo Albizu (eds.), On Case and Agreement. Kasu eta komunztaduraren gainean. Bilbo: UPV/EHU. 71-111.

Arriortua, Alazne. 2016. «Euskal inflexioaren pluralgileen analisi baterantz». handout, Euskal Dialektologia Mintegia, UPV/EHU.

Artzelus, Alexander. 2016. «Plural komunztadura falta Debagoieneko hizkeretan». handout, Euskal Dialektologia Mintegia, UPV/EHU.

Etxabe, Karmele and Larraitz Garmendia. 2003. Zaldibiako euskara. Zaldibia: Zaldibiako Udala.

save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Bergara
Western Basque
Yes
Alexander Artzelus
Aramaio
Western Basque
No
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Azpeitia
Central Basque
No
Patxi Goenaga
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
No
Aritz Irurtzun
Etxaleku (Imotz)
Central Basque
No
Imotz
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
No
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eñaut Agirre
Irun
Central Basque
No
Ricardo Etxepare
Itsasondo
Central Basque
No
Urtzi Etxeberria
Larresoro
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Céline Mounole
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
No
Oihana Astobieta
Mallabia
Western Basque
No
Koldo Zuazo
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
No
Orreaga Ibarra
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde
save answers as csv | xls | xml
BiV code
Town
Dialect
Value
Contributor
Aramaio
Western Basque
Yes
Txipi Ormaetxea
Arbizu
Navarrese Basque
No
Juanjo Olasagarre
Arizkun (Baztan)
Navarrese Basque
No
Pello Salaburu
Artea
Western Basque
No
Igor Estankona
Azpeitia
Central Basque
No
Patxi Goenaga
Beizama
Central Basque
No
Lourdes Otaegi
Bergara
Western Basque
No
Alexander Artzelus
Elgoibar
Western Basque
No
Ane Odria
Errenteria
Central Basque
No
Aritz Irurtzun
Etxaleku (Imotz)
Central Basque
No
Imotz
Gernika
Western Basque
No
Alaine Barruetabeña
Getxo
Western Basque
No
Xabier Bilbao
Goizueta
Navarrese Basque
No
Juan Jose Zubiri
Hernani
Central Basque
No
Eñaut Agirre
Irun
Central Basque
No
Ricardo Etxepare
Itsasondo
Central Basque
No
Urtzi Etxeberria
Larresoro
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Céline Mounole
Lekeitio
Western Basque
No
Arantzazu Elordieta
Loiu
Western Basque
No
Oihana Astobieta
Mallabia
Western Basque
No
Koldo Zuazo
Mezkiritz (Erroibar)
Navarrese Basque
No
Orreaga Ibarra
Mungia
Western Basque
No
Miren Ibarluzea
Oragarre
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Itxaro Borda
Orbaizeta
Navarrese Basque
No
Iñaki Camino
Otxandio
Western Basque
No
Xabier Burgete
Urdiñarbe
Zuberoan Basque
No
Maider Bedaxagar
Ziburu
Navarrese-Lapurdian Basque
No
Maitena Duhalde

ABL: ablative

ABS: absolutive

ABSERG: absolutive in Ergative Displacement context

ALL: allative

ALLO: allocutive

APPL: applicative

BN: bounded

CAUS: causative

COMP: complementizer

DAT: dative

DD: dative displacement

DEST: destinative

ED: Ergative Displacement

ERG: ergative

FAM: familiar

F: feminine

GEN: genitive

IPFV: imperfective

INE: inessive

INS: instrumental

M: masculine

MOD: mood

NMLZ: nominalizer

NONFAM: non-familiar (2nd person)

NP: noun phrase

PTCP: participle

PST: past

PL: plural

POST: postposition

PROG: progressive

PROS: prospective

PRTV: partitive

REL: relational postposition

RES: resultative

SG: singular

SOC: sociative

TERM: terminative

UNBN : unbounded

The abbreviations in this database follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules.